The course ends in a written exam, grade 2 is given from 60%, grade 3 from 70%, etc.

The complete list of topics is the following:

Introduction. The history of microbiology. Main methods and termini of microbiology. The microbiom of the planet Earth and its roles in the history of life. General features of microbes

The growth curve of microbes. Environmental conditions and their effects on microbes. The characteristic features of Bacteria. The size, morphology and subcellular anatomy of prokaryotes. The bacterial cell wall. Antibiotics

Primary nutritional groups of organisms. Bacterial locomotion. Endospores. The charcteristic features of Archaea. Archaeal cell walls and membranes. Eukaryotic cell organelles. Eukaryotic locomotion. Mitosis and meiosis, eukaryotic life cycles and spores

Microbial taxonomy. The evolution of the three domains. Bacterial tree of life. Archaeal phyla. Methanogenic archaea

Symbiosis and parasitism in the domain Bacteria. Virulence of bacteria and immune activity  against pathogens. Deinococci and Gram-negative prokaryotes. Introduction for the phyla Cloroflexi, Chlorobi, Cyanobacteria, Chlamydiae, Spirochaetes and Bacteroidetes

Proteobacteria. Alpha-, Beta-, Gamma-, Delta- and Epsilonproteobacteria and their most important species

Gram-positive bacteria with low G+C content. The phylum Firmicutes. Tenericutes. Mollicutes, Clostridia, Bacilli. The importance of biofilms. The human microbiome

Phylum Actinobacteria, Actinomycetales, Actinomycineae, Micrococcineae, Corynebacterineae, Micromonosporineae, Propionibacterineae, Streptomycineae, Streptosporangineae, Frankineae. Bifidobacteriales. Immunisation against microbes

Viruses: thier characteristic features, morphology. DNA and RNA virus taxonomic groups. Bacteriophages. Plant viruses, viroids. Animal and human viruses

Plasmids of bacteria and yeasts. Prions. The taxa of Eukaryota. Medically important "protozoa

General mycology. The subject of mycology, the life cycles and anatomy of fungi. Taxonomy of fungi. The hypha and the fungal organelles

Fungal like organisms, slime moulds, Chytrids, Cryptomycota, Blastocladiomycota and "Zygomycota". Glomerulomycota and endomycorrhizae. Important species and genera

The sac fungi. The Ascomycota classes. Ascus and ascoma types. Conidia and conidiomas, conidiogenesis. Taphrinomycotina, Saccharomycotina, Pezizomycotina (Pezizomycetes, Sordariomycetes, Leotiomycetes, Eurotiomycetes, Dothideomycetes and Orbiliomycetes classes). Yeast as a polyphyletic group. Dimorphic growth. Ascomyota from industrial and medical perspectives. The most important species of the phylum

The Basidiomycota. Basidiospore formation, basidiocarps. Pucciniomycotina, Ustilaginomycotina and Agaricomycotina (Tremellomycetes and Agaricomycetes). Human mycoses and their treatments

Fungi in ecosystems. The fungal spores and their dispersion. Symbiosis between bacteria/fungi and plants and animals. Lichens. Plant pathogenic microbes. Nutrition of fungi.